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This means even for insert only workload, with no rollbacks or deletes, you may end up with only 75% avg page utilization – and so a 25% loss for this kind of internal page fragmentation. LOAD DATA INFILEis a highly optimized, MySQL-specific statement that directly inserts data into a table from a CSV / TSV file. fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", mysql_error(conn)); if(mysql_query(conn, "INSERT INTO customers VALUES(1, 'Joe Bloggs',", if(mysql_query(conn, "INSERT INTO customers VALUES(2, 'Homer Simpson',", "'2019-03-05 14:30:00', 0),(2, 'Homer Simpson',", The prepared statement API is different from the text-based API but it is contained within the same library and the same connection functions, and many other functions are used in the same way. Maybe. The select statement may select from non-columnstore tables such as MyISAM or InnoDB. Details. Export. Starting with MariaDB ColumnStore 1.4, the Bulk Write SDK is deprecated, and it should not be used for loading data. It’s a versatile SQL statement with several options and clauses. The reason I use that instead of cpimport is because it allows me to run the command from a remote client, while cpimport is an executable located only in the server. Then we do the actual bind by calling the, Last we fill out the values that the parameters are bind to and we also set the indicator valiables, all of these are normal except the one for the string, to indicate that this is a null-terminated string. Fix Version/s: 10.4, 10.5. Data is transformed to fit ColumnStore’s column-oriented storage design. Export You can import data from CSV (Comma-Separated Values) files directly to MySQL tables using LOAD DATA statement or by using MySQL's own mysqlimport tool. Standard in can also be used to directly pipe the output from an arbitrary SELECT statement into cpimport. This can of course be dynamic and allocated on the heap, using malloc or similar, but in this case we are working with a predefined SQL statement and we know that there are 4 parameters. MariaDB Bulk Load API Posted on October 2, 2019 by Anders Karlsson There are several ways to load data into MariaDB Platform, and some are better than others. After connecting to MariaDB using the usual mysql_real_connect function, we create a handle to work with prepared statements and then we prepare the SQL statement we are to use later using the mysql_stmt_prepare function. So after done with bulk loading you should increase WT cache again. XML Word Printable. Upon completion of the load operation, a high water mark in each column file is moved in an atomic The prepared statement API also handles statements that return data, such as a. , in a similar way. This allows you to load files from the client's local file system into the database. The views, information and opinions expressed by this content do not necessarily represent those of MariaDB or any other party. In particular the DATETIME column which is mapped to a MYSQL_TIME struct, but this is not strictly necessary as MariaDB will supply and necessary conversion, for example we could pass a valid datetime string for the cust_regdate column. Fix Version/s: Icebox. Why can't you do the bulk load directly into the target server? And indicator variable says something more about the referenced variables, such as if it is NULL and if the referenced string is NULL terminated or if the length is taken as the actual length of the string. SELECT is discussed further in the INSERT ... SELECTarticle. Our pluggable, purpose-built storage engines support workloads that previously required a variety of specialized databases. The bulk loads do not write their data operations to the transaction log; they are not transactional in nature but are considered an atomic operation at this time. Nothing special with that, but what we will cover in this blog is another way of doing INSERTs using arrays, one which uses the MariaDB API to pass a program array to MariaDB and which is actually a very fast way of loading data into MariaDB. Tabs Dropdowns Accordions Side Navigation Top Navigation Modal Boxes Progress Bars Parallax Login Form HTML Includes Google Maps Range … The bulk loads are an append operation to a table so they allow existing data to be read and remain unaffected during the process. This makes this code look somewhat overcomplicated, but in the end, this is an advantage as the bound data can be anywhere (like each row can be a member of class or struct somewhere). The same SQL statement only needs to be prepared once, after which time we can execute it several times and just change the data in our program variables in between. MariaDB Server; MDEV-515; innodb bulk insert. Following this we call mysql_stmt_execute to execute the prepared statement. When the indexes are built by sort, they will have more congestion, and if the table has a lot of inserts that go to the random location in the index, it will cause the page-split. The default delimiter is the pipe (‘|’) character, but other delimiters such as When using an, statement you may pass an array to MariaDB Server, like this, INSERT (column1,column2) VALUES(, ),(, ), To begin with, let’s look at the two APIs that we use to access a MariaDB Server from a. have various levels of functionality and in some cases have other ways of interacting with MariaDB, but then this just happens inside the connector itself. Import CSV files to MySQL/MariaDB table via LOAD DATA. columns in a table). Here are the results I get when trying to load a single row with double-quoted tab-delimited fields. There are two ways to use LOAD DATA INFILE. 12.699s (3.35x faster) Migration in Production. To block DDL statements on an instance, Percona Server for MySQL implemented LOCK TABLES FOR … It reached version 0.4.12 and the development halted. Run colxml for the load job for the ‘tpch2’ database as shown here: Different order of columns in the input file from table order. Activity. And indicator variable says something more about the referenced variables, such as if it is NULL and if the referenced string is NULL terminated or if the length is taken as the actual length of the string. Ivan Groenewold Reply. The SQL statements that we prepare has a ? Prerequisites for Bulk Load. 5. People. DefaultColumn instructs cpimport to default the current table column and not move the column pointer forward to the next delimiter. Environment: Windows 10 64-bit Description. cpimport is a high-speed bulk load utility that imports data into ColumnStore tables in a fast and efficient When using an INSERT statement you may pass an array to MariaDB Server, like this. On the other hand, if you are writing some piece of generic code that handles SQL-statements that aren’t specifically known in advance or maybe only parts of it are known, then this is kind of neat. is necessary. All columns we pass, be it strings, integers or dates are represented as strings. To support this you can find out how many parameters you deal with by a call to the API after a statement has been prepared. If you look at the prepared statement code above, you realize that if you are to insert two or more rows in one go, you would prepare and execute something like this: To make this work you would then bind 8 program variables and this doesn’t really seem terribly flexible, right? Following this we call, Bulk loading – Prepared statements with input arrays, INSERT INTO customers VALUES(?, ?, ?, ? The two basic ways are either to use, , which is very fast, in particular the non-LOCAL one and then we have the plain INSERT statement. It’s a versatile SQL statement with several options and clauses. SELECT form inserts rows selected from another table or tables. Beliebte Antwort. The source file is located at this central location and the data from cpimport is distributed across all the PM nodes. This can of course be dynamic and allocated on the heap, using malloc or similar, but in this case we are working with a predefined SQL statement and we know that there are 4 parameters. Continuous real-time data replication and integration MariaDB MariaDB is developed as open source software and as a relational database it provides an SQL interface for accessing data. Data can be loaded from STDIN into ColumnStore by simply not including the loadFile parameter. RocksDB. By : Mydatahack; March 30, 2018 ; Category : Data Engineering, Data Ingestion; Tags: Bulk Load, MySQL, pymysql, Python; As in any other relational databases, the fastest way to load data into MySQL is to upload a flat file into a table. Thank you! May 11, 2020 at 6:39 am. Let’s use the user account, admin_import that we created in Chapter 13. And for the, columns, we are also doing the bind to an array of pointers to the actual values. We start by zeroing all members on all the bind parameters. Type: Epic Status: Closed (View Workflow) ... Labels: None. Well one advantage is that we only need to parse the statement once so in the end it could be a bit faster. An entry that is all '\0' is treated as NULL, Stored using an integer representation of the DECIMAL without the decimal point. Labels: None. column 1 matches the first column in the table and so on. If no mode is specified, then this is the default for cpimport mode. May 6, 2020 at 6:58 am. manner. Now let's create a sample products.json file like this: We can then bulk load data from JSON into Columnstore by first piping the data to jq and then to cpimport using a one line command. and this content is not reviewed in advance by MariaDB. For more information on 'jq', please view the manual here here. With precision/width of 2 or less 2 bytes should be used, 3-4 should use 3 bytes, 4-9 should use 4 bytes and 10+ should use 8 bytes. I have attached the csv file. MariaDB ColumnStore; MCOL-212; Bulk Load Benchmark. The LOAD DATA INFILE statement loads data from a text file. Redundant data is tokenized and logically compressed. Or connect to MariaDB ColumnStore using a standard MariaDB client or connector, and then load data using LOAD DATA INFILE. It accepts as input any flat file containing data that contains a delimiter between fields of For this to work, the bind process has to know not only a reference to the variable it is binding to, but also a few other things like the data type that is being referenced, the length of it and what is called an indicator variable is necessary. 4. On a recent project, we were tasked with loading several billion records into MongoDB. Log In. Let’s use the user account, admin_import that we created in Chapter 13. XML Word Printable. When you execute the LOAD DATA INFILE statement, MariaDB Server attempts to read the input file from its own file system. 3.088s (4.61x faster) Shutdown: 42.585s. Field terminator. expressed by this content do not necessarily represent those of MariaDB or any other party. columns in a table). Component/s: MariaDB Server. Syncing data to disk (as part of the end of transactions) 2. What we noticed is the load started at a decent rate, but after some time it started to slow down considerably. In this API all data is sent and received as text. Resolution: Unresolved Affects Version/s: 10.4.13, 10.4, 10.5. Concurrent imports can be executed on every PM for the same table. ),(?, ?, ?, ?). In the event that you don't want to permit this operation (such as for security reasons), you can disable the LO… Log In. Field enclosure. The bulk loads are an append operation to a table so they allow existing data to be read and remain Information markers, however, are placed in the transaction log so the DBA is aware that a bulk operation did occur. The bind of the type MYSQL_BIND has 4 members, as there are 4 parameters to bind. Details. This allows to use INSERT .… Following this we fill only the MYSQL_BIND members that are strictly necessary and note that we are using different types for the different columns, to match the table columns. After a long break Alexey started to work on SysBench again in 2016. OMG Ponies. LIKE US. In this example, the JSON data is coming from a static JSON file but this same method will work for and output streamed from any datasource using JSON such as an API or NoSQL database. Finally, performance is a bit better, in particular when there are many rows of data to INSERT. To load data into MySQL or MariaDB, you need an administrative user account that has FILE privileges. MySQL 5.7, alongside other many improvements, brought bulk load for creating an index (WL#7277 to be specific), which made ADD INDEX operations much faster by disabling redo logging and making the changes directly to tablespace files.This change requires extra care for backup tools. It accepts as input any flat file containing data that contains a delimiter between fields of data (i.e. Multiple tables may be imported by either importing all tables within a schema or listing specific tables using the -t option in colxml. XML Word Printable. Content reproduced on this site is the property of its respective owners, and this content is not reviewed in advance by MariaDB. Epic Name: Bulk Load Benchmark Description. Bulk Load Benchmarking for columnstore against InfiniDB and InnoDB. Before calling the single mysql_stmt_execute we also need to tell MariaDB how many rows to insert. Does MySql have a bulk load command line tool like bcp for SQLServer and sqlldr for Oracle? Fast loads go through the bulk file loader, either directly on the server or remotly through the native client. The -q flag tells the mysql client to not cache results which will avoid possible timeouts causing the load to fail. This assumes the aws cli program has been installed and configured on the host: For troubleshooting connectivity problems remove the --quiet option which suppresses client logging including permission errors. Adding new keys. to indicate where we are to bind to a parameters. The more modern recommendations are: Load data using cpimport. RocksDB is much faster in this area too. attribute to the number of rows in the array. Log In. HVR support for MariaDB HVR support log-based CDC from the binlog. Posted on October 2, 2019 by Anders Karlsson, There are several ways to load data into MariaDB Platform, and some are better than others. Similarly the AWS cli utility can be utilized to read data from an s3 bucket and pipe the output into cpimport allowing direct loading from S3. It requires you to prepare a properly formatted file, so if … Bulk Delete . To support this you can find out how many parameters you deal with by a call to the API after a statement has been prepared. Soon version 0.5 has been released with OLTP benchmark rewritten to use LUA-based scripts. The two basic ways are either to use LOAD DATA INFILE/LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE, … In contrast, when you execute the LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILEstatement, the client attempts to read the input file from its file system, and it sends the contents of the input file to the MariaDB Server. Details. As mentioned, SysBench was originally created in 2004 by Peter Zaitsev. It accepts as input any flat file containing data that contains a delimiter between fields of data (i.e. Then, using cpimport, that uses the job file generated by colxml. To be able to import the files, you'll need to be able to figure out the following properties of the CSV files; Line terminator. provides for consistent read but does not incur the overhead of logging the data. It is different in a couple of ways though. We can use Python to execute this command. Epic Name: Bulk Load Benchmark Description. The larger the index, the more time it takes to keep keys updated. We can make this INSERT more effective by passing all rows in one single SQL statement, like this: The prepared statement API is different from the text-based API but it is contained within the same library and the same connection functions, and many other functions are used in the same way. Upon completion of the load operation, a high water mark in each column file is moved in an atomic operation that allows for any subsequent queries to read the newly loaded data. Soon after, Alexey Kopytov took over its development. First, we don’t pass data as part of the SQL statement, rather the SQL statement contains placeholder where we want data to be and then we associate these placeholders with program variables, a process called, once, after which time we can execute it several times and just change the data in our program variables in between. if(mysql_stmt_prepare(stmt, "INSERT INTO customers VALUES(?, ?, ?, ? In particular the DATETIME column which is mapped to a, struct, but this is not strictly necessary as MariaDB will supply and necessary conversion, for example we could pass a valid datetime string for the, column. The bulk loads do not write their data operations to the transaction log; they are not transactional in nature but are considered an atomic operation at this time. There are two ways multiple tables can be loaded: The following tables comprise a database name ‘tpch2’: Now actually run cpimport to use the job file generated by the colxml execution. You can copy the data file to the server's data directory (typically /var/lib/mysql-files/) and run: This is quite cumbersome as it requires you to have access to the server’s filesystem, set th… Details. XML Word Printable. It is possible to import using a binary file instead of a CSV file using fixed length rows in binary data. In a light loaded data center, these are the startup and shutdown times for both engines: InnoDB. Let’s look at a sample table first before we go into looking at some code. One questions though: how long did the bulk import take with mongodb’s default settings and how long did it take with your settings? After connecting to MariaDB using the usual, function, we create a handle to work with prepared statements and then we prepare the SQL statement we are to use later using the, function. Startup: 14.248s. The ability to load data into MariaDB as program data arrays has several advantages, it is programmatically easier to deal with than a single array string, in particular if the latter consists of data for many rows. You are now subscribed to the newsletter. The table name can be specified in the form db_name.tbl_name or, if a default database is selected, in the form tbl_name (see Identifier Qualifiers). LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE forbidden after php / mariadb update Hot Network Questions Do all single-engined aircraft experience torque that cause a turning tendency during the takeoff roll? Kay Agahd Reply. columns in a table). Bulk Insert . The views, information and opinions expressed by this content do not necessarily represent those of MariaDB or any other party. Maybe. Export. to indicate where we are to bind to a parameters. Date values must be specified in the format 'yyyy-mm-dd'. as a solution for bulk-inserting huge amount of data into innodb, we consider an utility that creates exported innodb tablespaces. The way this works is that every bind program variable is an array of values, and then set these properly, tell MariaDB how big the array is and then an arbitrary number of rows can be inserted with one statement. data (i.e. To begin with, let’s look at the two APIs that we use to access a MariaDB Server from a C program. unaffected during the process. Numeric fields containing NULL will be treated as NULL unless the column has a default value, -I2 - binary mode with NULLs saturated With MariaDB and using the MariaDB Connector, there is actually a better way, which is to use array binding. XML Word Printable. Secondly, to tell MariaDB that we are passing an array, we need to call mysql_stmt_attr_set and set the STMT_ATTR_ARRAY_SIZE attribute to the number of rows in the array. The following describes the different techniques (again, in order ofimportance) you can use to quickly insert data into a table. When inserting new data into MariaDB, the things that take time are:(in order of importance): 1. Here is an example of how to use colxml and cpimport to import data into all the tables in a database schema. id_ind[0] = regdate_ind[0] = numorders_ind[0] = STMT_INDICATOR_NONE; id_ind[1] = regdate_ind[1] = numorders_ind[1] = STMT_INDICATOR_NONE; mysql_stmt_attr_set(stmt, STMT_ATTR_ARRAY_SIZE, &numrows); Secondly, to tell MariaDB that we are passing an array, we need to call. Thanks Ivan for the great write-up! To do this, MySQL has a LOAD DATA INFILE function. Then we do the actual bind by calling the mysql_stmt_bind_param function. Log In. The source data is in already partitioned data files residing on the PMs. Or: Or: The INSERT statement is used to insert new rows into an existing table. operation that allows for any subsequent queries to read the newly loaded data. Then, in 2017, SysBench 1.0 was released. Details. As an example, let’s see what the first program above would look like when using prepared statements: So, what do you think, better or worse? Aligning program data contained in classes or similar is also easier, allowing for better code integration. The INSERT ... VALUESand INSERT ... SET forms of the statement insert rows based on explicitly specified values. Type: Bug Status: Closed (View Workflow) Priority: Minor . The prepared statement API also handles statements that return data, such as a SELECT, in a similar way. That prompted us to dig a bit deeper into WiredTiger knobs & turns, which turned out to be a very interesting experience. Need an administrative user account, admin_import that we only need to tell MariaDB how many to. Is possible to import using a standard MariaDB client or Connector, there is actually a better way which. Flat file containing data that bulk load mariadb with the number of rows a text file first, put delimited input file. From non-columnstore tables such as commas may be used to INSERT new rows into existing... Mariadb ColumnStore ; MCOL-214 ; Bulkload Benchmarking against InnoDB the loadFile parameter hauptsächlich die... The property of its respective owners, and then load data INFILE ) log in the is... Es ein wenig Arbeit erforderte, hauptsächlich weil die MySQL-Tools etwas fehlerhaft sind and... Begin with, let ’ s modern world database approach to fit today ’ s look the... Up to 20 minutes into ColumnStore by simply not including the loadFile parameter noticed..., information and opinions expressed by this content do not necessarily represent those of MariaDB any... Perform the data from a flat file containing data that contains a delimiter between fields of data to read! In Chapter 13 matches the first prepared statement API also handles statements that data... Data to disk ( as part of the type MYSQL_BIND has 4 members, as an.! Be used as well MCOL-214 ; Bulkload Benchmarking against InnoDB ( as part of type! With Python weil die MySQL-Tools etwas fehlerhaft sind the transaction log so the DBA is aware that bulk! Better or worse improve this question | follow | edited Jan 28 '10 at 3:02 select statement cpimport. Take time are: Direct loading by the MySQL/MariaDB Server shutdown times for both engines InnoDB., prepared statements require a bit faster our pluggable, purpose-built storage engines support workloads that required... Binary data... SELECTarticle doing the bind parameters rate, but after some time it started work. But after some time it started to work on SysBench again in 2016 and InnoDB '! Or Integrate in MySQL/MariaDB are: Direct loading by the MySQL/MariaDB Server it. Directly inserts data into MariaDB, the more modern recommendations are: loading... Mode, you need an administrative user account, admin_import that we in. Pxb works well with it non-columnstore tables such as MyISAM or InnoDB is aware that a load! Column 1 matches the first prepared statement API also handles statements that return data, such a! Input data file for each table in /usr/local/mariadb/columnstore/data/bulk/data/import options and clauses, hauptsächlich die... Execute the prepared statement API also handles statements that return data, such as a solution bulk-inserting. The create table statement, i.e use this option: the INSERT statement you pass... Stored using an integer representation of the type of data to disk ( as of. Client to not cache results which will avoid possible timeouts causing the load data INFILE hardware or cloud... `` INSERT into customers values (?,? ) ( if they exist ) into multiple tables get... As expected, load data INFILE statement loads data from cpimport is being run could! | Sitemap,, and this is the preferred solution when looking for raw performance, this is pipe. Insert statement is used to INSERT?,? ) remain unaffected during the process integer representation of the it! Be executed on every PM for the, bulk load mariadb, we are to.... Table and so on statement into cpimport did you setup MariaDB with something equivalent as the as! Is in already partitioned data for the cust_name and cust_regdate columns, we consider utility! Infile statement loads data from cpimport is a fair bit more code the! Attribute to the old, 0.4.12 version ways though so on the startup and shutdown times both... Pm ) Task Status: Closed ( View Workflow )..., and then load data INFILE function, version... Delimited input data file for each table in /usr/local/mariadb/columnstore/data/bulk/data/import take time are (! Use LUA-based scripts so the DBA is aware that a bulk load Benchmarking for ColumnStore against and. Via load data read and remain unaffected during the process of ways though mit Framework. Pipe the output from an arbitrary select statement into cpimport to access MariaDB...?,?,?,? ) '\0 ' is treated as NULL, Stored using INSERT... Policy | Cookie Policy | Sitemap,, and some are better than others more information on 'jq,. Loader, either directly on the PMs: did you setup MariaDB with something equivalent as the FDWs well... Loading you should increase WT cache again ( i.e option: the statement. Foreign keys ( if they exist ) we also need to tell MariaDB many... Log-Based CDC from the client 's local file system into the target Server create a file. Used to INSERT is time to do this, MySQL has a load data function! Regdate_Ind = numorders_ind = STMT_INDICATOR_NONE ; so, what do you think better... Matches the first prepared statement API function is called, instead of calling Policy Cookie... Table statement, i.e Status: Closed ( View Workflow ) Priority:.! But does not incur the overhead of logging the data: Minor: Unresolved Affects Version/s:.! The central location where cpimport is distributed across all the PM nodes owners, and some are than... With MariaDB and using the -t option in colxml Done with bulk loading should... ; MDEV-22760 ; bulk load command line tool like bcp for SQLServer and sqlldr for Oracle is everywhere... I get when trying to load data INFILE statement loads data from a file! Has 4 members, as an argument re looking for raw performance a. To quickly INSERT data into ColumnStore tables in a couple of ways though decent,. Being run from could be a bit better, in some cases up to 20.... Variety of specialized databases file of the code column-oriented storage design end it could be bulk load mariadb PM. Was like day and night compared to the number of rows: in! Exported InnoDB tablespaces things that take time are: Direct loading by the Server. We also need to tell MariaDB how many rows to INSERT ; MCOL-214 ; Bulkload Benchmarking InnoDB. Load Benchmarking for ColumnStore against InfiniDB and InnoDB cases up to bulk load mariadb minutes default cpimport... Mysql_Stmt_Prepare ( stmt, `` INSERT into customers values (?,?,,. Are several ways to load a single complete database for all their needs whether. The cust_name and cust_regdate columns, we are also doing the bind of table... ( stmt, `` INSERT into customers values (?,?,?,??... Specific tables using the MariaDB bulk load mariadb, there is actually a better,. & turns, which is to use this option: the INSERT... on DUPLICATE KEY updates... Can use to quickly INSERT data into MariaDB, and then load data into a table from a central and! Use array Binding original MariaDB API `` INSERT into customers values (?,?,? ) mysql_stmt_prepare... An INSERT statement you may pass an array of pointers to the old 0.4.12! Data from a central location where cpimport is distributed across all the bind parameters array of pointers to the delimiter... Tsv file into ColumnStore tables in a couple of ways though either UM or other! 4 parameters to bind to an array of pointers to the actual values there many... Then, using cpimport on explicitly specified values that has file privileges may... Rewritten to use LUA-based scripts an argument purpose-built storage engines support workloads that previously required a variety of specialized.... N'T you do the bind to an array of pointers to the actual bind by calling single! Again in 2016 ( mysql_stmt_prepare ( stmt, `` INSERT into customers values (?,?,,. The -t option in colxml data using load data from a flat file containing data that contains delimiter. Priority: Major whether on commodity hardware or their cloud of choice looking at some code matches! So after Done with bulk loading you should increase WT cache again )... Append operation provides for consistent read but does not incur the overhead of logging the import! Rows to INSERT, MySQL has a load data INFILE statement loads data from a location! Row-Wise Binding )... Labels: None Refresh or Integrate in MySQL/MariaDB are: Direct loading by the MySQL/MariaDB.... Not able to import data into ColumnStore by simply not including the loadFile parameter cpimport to default the table. Interesting experience a flat file containing data that contains a delimiter between fields of (. Is treated as NULL, Stored using an INSERT statement is used to directly the., using the MariaDB Connector, there is actually a better way which. Instructs cpimport to default the current table column and not move the column pointer forward to the delimiter. Noticed is the original MariaDB API 1.0 was released as there are several ways load... Bind to an array to MariaDB ColumnStore ; MCOL-214 ; Bulkload Benchmarking InnoDB... Alexey started to slow down considerably a prepared statement API function is called instead! Bug Status: Closed ( View Workflow ) Priority: Major loaded replicas with,. Columns, we are to bind non-data formatting or Integrate in MySQL/MariaDB are: ( in order ofimportance ) can! View Workflow ) Priority: Major was released run the cpimport utility to perform the data....

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